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3. ... Lead community programs like a litter pick up day or a gardening day that encourage physical activity and promote social capital; Level 5: Society. The purpose of this study was to understand the determinants of physical activity and create a predictive path model of the intrapersonal, perceived environment, behavior settings, and policy … These influences usually include intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community, physical environment, and policy (Sallis, Owen, & Fisher, 2008).Numerous ecological models have been created to explain specific behavior or to guide behavioral interventions. Figure 1. A review of … It is critical that kinesiology professionals emerge as leaders in these efforts to place physical education programs at the center of promoting children's physical activity. Meaning that it needs to be a multi-level approach that focuses on an individuals self-efficacy (Silveira & Motl, 2018). Health belief model B. When using the social ecological model, which of the following would be considered part of the "microsystem" of influence on an individual's physical activity? View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 32. Social Cognitive Theory Correlates of Physical Activity in Inactive Adults with Multiple Sclerosis. Silveira and Motl (2018) defined the social cognitive theory as an appropriate behaviour change theory for understanding physical activity among populations, in specific MS patients, with one central tenant being the interaction between person, environment and behaviour. These sectors all have an important role in helping individuals make healthy choices because they either influence the degree to which peo… Overweight children are more likely to be obese adults and have an increased risk of developing health conditions (Erfle & Gamble, 2015). Ecological models are a series of models/frameworks that emphasize multiple levels of influences on behaviors. Perhaps one of the strongest influences of ecological theory within sport and exercise psychology has been in the study of physical activity promotion. The Social-Ecological Model can help health professionals understand how layers of influence intersect to shape a person's food and physical activity choices. Although the many levels of the social ecological model of health, the social cognitive theory can be correlated to help better understand the physical activity and obesity rates in the world today. Which level of the social-ecological model does the Sporting Schools initiative target? Social-ecological model (SEM) includes benefits and perceived barriers to physical activity, self-efficacy physical activity, and perceived social support for physical activity and physical environment for physical activity. Feb 23, 2017 - Explore Beth Garlick's board "social ecological model" on Pinterest. Why do we need a model to explain physical activity participation? International Journal of MS Care, 20(3), 129-135. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-111, ©2020 by Kennedy Marchment. The ecological model This model was developed by Sallis and Bauman (2012) in response to findings from their study which reviewed evidence to identify factors affecting physical activity. Application of Ecological Theory to Physical Activity Promotion. Self efficacy is the belief that one can successfully cope with challenging conditions (Uszynski, 2018), therefore if an individual has the confidence to take part in physical activity and the challenges of it, they are more likely to partake in the activities. American Journal of Community Psychology. Physical activity is something that some people strive to complete every day, yet it is also something that people lack the energy for. As shown in Figure 1, there are many levels to the model and reaching an individual on majority of these levels will increase the want for physical activity. E-mail: alison.nelson@uq.edu.au Received on October 26, 2009; accepted on March 5, 2010 Abstract This … apply the social-ecological model to critique physical activity strategies used by government and non-government organisations to target two subpopulation groups. SEM provides a … Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/24025308. Sharma, M., Wagner, D., & Wilkerson, J. ecological models of health behavior, and define an ecological model for physical activity promotion. Background Physical activity behavior is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon. Interventions that use the social ecological model as a framework include mass media campaigns, social marketing, and skills development. Thus, the study examines how the urban green open space contributes to physical activity" based on the social ecology theory. a. Efforts to change behaviour are more likely to be successful when the multiple levels of influence are addressed at the same time. Personal factors b. Microsystem does not exist in the social ecological model. The purpose of this article is to use the social-ecological model as a framework to examine ways in which physical education programs can play an important role in promoting physical activity. See more ideas about Social ecological model, Physical activities, Ecology. Environmental correlates of health-promoting leisure physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis using a social cognitive perspective embedded within social ecological model. The Ecological Model of Active Living was proposed to examine whether individuals participate in active living. See more ideas about Social ecological model, Physical activities, Ecology. For example an approach may include but is not limited to; introductory activities in which participants identify a social environment variable that influences their physical activity and how to either utilize positive aspects of their social environment or overcome negative aspects (Silveira & Motl, 2018). Lack of physical activity is strongly correlated with weight gain (Erfle & Gamble, 2015). Basis of intervention programs to address issues such as bullying, obesity, overeating and physical activity. The purpose of this review was to apply the social ecological model to better understand physical activity among African American women. Psychosocial models have been dominant in guiding the design of health behavior change programs, and interventions based on such models have been effective [1]. Ecological models are a series of models/frameworks that emphasize multiple levels of influences on behaviors. As schools exist within a broader environment, the social ecological model (SEM) provided a framework to consider how different levels interact and influence PA. An Aboriginal person is defined as a person who is a descendant of an Indigenous inhabitant of Australia, identifies as an Aboriginal person and is recognized as Aboriginal by members of the com… (2006). The purpose of this article is to use the social-ecological model as a framework to examine ways in which physical education programs can play an important role in promoting physical activity. It recognises that no single factor alone accounts for how much physical activity we do, they all interrelate to determine how much physical activity a person achieves. Physical activity promotion researchers have embraced the principle of multiple levels of influence, as well as the focus on environmental characteristics. Gener-ally, these models approach physical activity engagement through consideration of intrapersonal, Application of Ecological Theory to Physical Activity Promotion. It can be characterized by four constructs: self-efficacy, outcome expectations, goal setting, and barriers and facilitators. The Social-Ecological Model can help health professionals understand how layers of influence intersect to shape a person's food and physical activity choices. This article reviews the evidence on PA interventions in childcare by applying a socio-ecological approach. In social ecological models there are five domains of human activity; work, recreation, transport, household activities and sleep. Fig. The social ecological model provides a strong theoretical basis to guide physical activity intervention in this population. Consistent evidence shows that implementing multiple changes at various levels of the Social-Ecological Model is effective in improving eating and physical activity behaviors. The accepted definition of an Australian Aboriginal person is social more than racial. The social ecological model provides a strong theoretical basis to guide physical activity intervention in this population. The public health focus of physical … Understanding these factors enables programmers to develop programs that better ‘fit’ the individual. The ecological model helps us to identify factors influencing a child’s physical activity. In the United States overweight and obesity in both girls and boys is reaching epidemic proportions (Sharmer Wagner & Wilkerson, 2006). Boulton, E. R., Horne, M., & Todd, C. (2018). In a study by Sharmer, Wagner and Wilkerson (2006), it was found that the implication of more health education programs in upper elementary children are needed to promote more physical activity, television should be limited to two hours per day, and water consumption needs to be increased to eight glasses per day along with the increase of healthier foods into their diets. AB - Little is known about the social and contextual correlates (e.g., social norms, environment, social networks, and organizational support) influencing the adoption and maintenance of regular physical activity among minority and underserved populations. The social ecological model of health has been effective in helping describe the ways in which an individuals environment can be contributing to their lifestyle choices. The results showed that in order to increase physical activity, the interventions need to target multiple layers of influence based on the social ecological theory and be guided by the social cognitive theory. Understanding these factors enables programmers to develop programs that better ‘fit’ the individual. In a study completed in patients with MS (multiple sclerosis) self efficacy was significantly correlated with physical activity (Uszynski, 2018). It has become one of the most widely adopted theoretical frameworks for understanding and optimizing physical activity behaviour (Uszynski, 2018). Sectors include systems (e.g., governments, education, health care, and transportation), organizations (e.g., public health, community, and advocacy), and businesses and industries (e.g., planning and development, agriculture, food and beverage, retail, entertainment, marketing, and media). Further testing of this and existing ecological models of physical activity is recommended. It may be helpful to rely on theory to understand this problem so that this can be addressed effectively. Which model or theory of behavior change includes perception of health risk? Maintaining physical activity is necessary to promote health in our daily lives. Focusing in on self-efficacy, which is described as one’s ability to influence one’s habit, expectations about expected costs and benefits for different health habits, and self-control or goals that a person sets for himself or herself (Sharmer, Wanger & Wilkerson, 2006). (3), 191-203. doi:10.2190/CPVX-075A-L30Q-2PVM. As schools exist within a broader environment, the social ecological model (SEM) provided a framework to consider how different levels interact and influence PA. This study augments previous research by describing the recruitment, selection, training, and evaluation of CHWs for a physical activity intervention targeting multiple levels of the Social Ecological Model. Keywords: Physical activity, Built environment, Community-based research, Social ecological model, Participatory action research, Framework, Stakeholders * Correspondence: … The most effective physical activity interventions target changes in four levels (multifaceted approach). Social Cognitive Theory Correlates of Physical Activity in Inactive Adults with Multiple Sclerosis. Shaunna Burke, Andrea Utley, Caroline Belchamber, Louise McDowall, Physical Activity in Hospice Care: A Social Ecological Perspective to Inform Policy and Practice, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 10.1080/02701367.2019.1687808, (1-14), (2020). Figure 2. In terms of the interventions for physical activity, they need to be reachable and achievable in a way that allows individuals to feel happy, confident, and successful during the duration of the physical activity. (2)Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester, UK. The health status of Indigenous people is considerably lower than that of the non-Indigenous populace in many of the world's developed countries [1]. Policies that require time allocations and … 2006;37(1–2):129–140. The value of using social ecological models is the holistic approach which identifies the agency of social, Among rising rates of overweight and obesity, schools have become essential settings to promote health behaviors, such as physical activity (PA). physical activity engagement (see, for example, [22, 25–27]). The promotion of physical activity (PA) in young children requires effective interventions. … Development of social ecological development plan. Physical Activity and the Social Ecological Model of Health. Boulton, E. R., Horne, M., & Todd, C. (2018). THE LEVELS. The most effective physical activity interventions target changes in four levels (multifaceted approach). However, psychosocial models alone cannot inform the development of intervention strategies that target changes beyond the individual level. They completed validated surveys assessing their perceptions of physical activity, HRQoL, and social ecological factors during the spring semester of 2012. The socio-ecological approach emphasizes that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal behavioral factors but also on the multiple-level factors that influence the specific behavior in question. See more ideas about social ecological model, physical activities, activities. Predicting Childhood Obesity Prevention Behaviors Using Social Cognitive Theory. Key Concept  The social-ecological model represents a multifaceted approach to getting people active. Maintaining physical activity is necessary to promote health in our daily lives. Among rising rates of overweight and obesity, schools have become essential settings to promote health behaviors, such as physical activity (PA). Schools are supposed to equip the students with tools to be successful in life, but by limiting the amount of … Effective physical activity interventions are multidimensional and understand that not one factor that influences the individual but many. The work domain is unique in that individuals have less personal agency. Figure 2 shows components and solutions that could develop into a healthy plan to promote physical activity and a healthy life. order to support participation in physical activity. JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 34(6), 672-681. pmid:16680541 . Perhaps one of the strongest influences of ecological theory within sport and exercise psychology has been in the study of physical activity promotion. The broad framework provided by social ecological models is … Level 1: Intrapersonal. Discussion: The paper proposes a social ecological model of physical activity associated with office-based settings. View Article PubMed/NCBI … Sharma, M., Wagner, D., & Wilkerson, J. There are many factors that influence a person's engagement in physical activity programs. Exploring the Influence of a Social Ecological Model on School-Based Physical Activity. Participation in PA is influenced by accessibility to resources that support PA. People desire to travel to parks, public sports centres, or local private health clubs to pursue PA but lack access to reliable transportation such as private cars, public transport, and … Dietary approaches to healthy weight management for adolescents: The New Moves model. Health Expectations, 21(1), 239-248. doi:10.1111/hex.12608. In order to find interventions and lifestyles that will be healthy and beneficial individuals need to be convinced that it will work, they need to feel happiness in the process, and they need to be fully educated on why and what is happening to their bodies. Policies that require time allocations and resources for physical education and physical activity in schools and community designs that provide infrastructure that makes being physically active accessible and … The social ecological model is a dynamic way of presenting the factors that influence a persons physical activity levels. One study Silveira and Motl (2018) completed examined the built environment, social environment and individual environment and its effect on physical activity in MS patients. In Australia, the term Indigenous incorporates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Feb 15, 2015 - Social ecological model of physical activity . A. policy B. individual C. social environment D. physical environment … Physical activity interventions designed to improve knowledge, skills, and abilities are likely to be successful when supportive social and physical environments and policies are in … Social ecological model Social ecological models have been widely used in health promotion since the 1980’s but only more recently for understanding the correlates of physical activity [21, 23, 24]. The perceived benefits were studied with 29 questions and with 4-level Likert scale (strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree). Feb 25, 2017 - Explore Hannah Scott's board "Social-ecological model" on Pinterest. Finally, to fully understand the way the social cognitive theory works and how it is theoretically related to the overall social ecological model of health, here is a timeline video of where the theory comes from and how it has been adapted to be useful in todays day. Abstract. The social ecological model and physical activity in African American women. Preventive Medicine Reports, 15, 100921. doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100921, Uszynski, M. K., Casey, B., Hayes, S., Gallagher, S., Purtill, H., Motl, R. W., & Coote, S. (2018). (2006). Models are used to provide a framework to understand the numerous factors and behaviours that … Adolescents concerned about their weight, and particularly adolescent girls, often adopt unhealthy dieting and weight control, behaviours (Neumark-Sztainer et al., 2008). We have chosen to use this model as it exemplifies the multiple factors, which influence physical activity participation such as the social environment, the physical … Background: Studies identifying correlates of physical activity (PA) at all levels of the ecological model can provide an empirical basis for designing interventions to increase older adults' PA. Purpose: Applying ecological model principles, this study concurrently examined individual, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of older adults' PA to determine whether built environment factors contribute to PA over and … Neumark-Sztainer, D., Flattum, C., Story, M., Feldman, S., & Petrich, C. (2008). When using the social ecological model, which of the following would be considered part of the "microsystem" of influence on an individual's physical activity? Overview Previous models of physical activity intervention (such as the Stages of Change model or the “Self Efficacy” model focused solely on the individual. Multiple influences on participating in physical activity in older age: Developing a social ecological approach. We use the model to critique physical activity strategies. In a recent study by Boulton et. Urban Environment: Macrosystem to Mesosystem. As schools exist within a broader environment, the social ecological model (SEM) provided a framework to consider how different levels interact and influence PA. Proposed social ecological model of physical activity determinants in low socioeconomic contexts. Silveira and Motl (2018) defines the social ecological model as a way to contextualize multiple, interrelated layers of physical, social, and individual barriers as determinants of health and health behaviours. The Ecological Model of Active Living was proposed to examine whether individuals participate in active living. The model considers opportunities for both incidental and discretionary activities, as well as macro and micro factors on both socio-cultural and physical dimensions. The COM-B framework for characterising behaviour change interventions is used to highlight the underlying mechanisms of behaviour change inherent in the model. a. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Al, 2018). Social Ecological Model. These influences usually include intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community, physical environment, and policy (Sallis, Owen, & Fisher, 2008).Numerous ecological models have been created to explain specific behavior or to guide behavioral interventions. Physical activity promotion researchers have embraced the principle of multiple levels of influence, as well as the focus on environmental characteristics. Al (2018) the influence of physical activity engagement at multiple levels was considered in order to develop a social ecological model to promote physical activity in older adults. For HRQoL-physical … Uszynski (2018) added other social cognitive constructs such as goal setting, exercise planning, and exercise benefits, and although they increased the value of R-squared, there was no significance. Author information: (1)Division of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Socio-ecological theory was proposed as a physical activity framework, which may be transferable in sport development contexts, particularly in encouraging physically active leisure and community sport participation. The internal consistency of this method was 0.9 by … 2006;16(1):89–108. Multiple influences on participating in physical activity in older age: Developing a social ecological approach. ... Stokols, 1996). The Future of Children. The use of a social–ecological model to help frame the literature is a somewhat different, though generative, … Uszynski, M. K., Casey, B., Hayes, S., Gallagher, S., Purtill, H., Motl, R. W., & Coote, S. (2018). Among rising rates of overweight and obesity, schools have become essential settings to promote health behaviors, such as physical activity (PA). (Neumark-Sztainer et al., 2008). Personal factors b. Microsystem does not exist in the social ecological model. Silveira, S. L., & Motl, R. W. (2019). As described by Sharmer, Wagner and Wilkerson (2006) the social cognitive theory offers a useful framework for explaining and promoting physical activity. DISCUSSION: The paper proposes a social ecological model of physical activity associated with office-based settings. Neumark-Sztainer, D., Flattum, C., Story, M., Feldman, S., & Petrich, C. (2008). identify components of the social-ecological model, apply a social-ecological model to critique physical activity strategies used by government and, non-government organisations to target two sub-population group. In reviewing the literature on physical activity among Indigenous Australians, this paper will also use Lynch's social–ecological model as an organizing framework to synthesize the research relating to physical activity of Indigenous populations using the Indigenous Australian experience. Dietary approaches to healthy weight management for adolescents: The New Moves model.Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,19(3). Multiple influences on participating in physical activity in older age: Developing a social ecological approach. See more ideas about social ecological model, ecology, physical activities. The public health focus of physical … Environmental correlates of health-promoting leisure physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis using a social cognitive perspective embedded within social ecological model. Among rising rates of overweight and obesity, schools have become essential settings to promote health behaviors, such as physical activity (PA). Boulton ER(1)(2), Horne M(3), Todd C(1)(2). Little is known about the social and contextual correlates (e.g., social norms, environment, social networks, and organizational support) influencing the adoption and maintenance of regular physical activity among minority and underserved populations. The socio-ecological model thus focuses on the interrelationships between individuals and the social, physical and policy environment . Quarterly of Community Health Education,24(3), 191-203. doi:10.2190/CPVX-075A-L30Q-2PVM, Silveira, S. L., & Motl, R. W. (2019). pmid:16532660 . Physical activity behaviour and the factors influencing it are very complex. Social Ecological Model (SEM) as an Explanation of Screen Time BehaviorScreen time is a complex public health problem because: (a) Its presence is ubiquitous, (b) its clustering with other unhealthy behaviors, and (c) its varied short- and long-term health consequences. AB - Little is known about the social and contextual correlates (e.g., social norms, environment, social networks, and organizational support) influencing the adoption and maintenance of regular physical activity among minority and underserved populations. Understanding and addressing social and contextual correlates of physical activity behavior among African American women are necessary to establish comprehensive programs, particularly within community settings. The social ecological model provides a strong theoretical basis to guide physical activity intervention in this population. Feb 26, 2017 - Explore prentimv's board "Social Ecological Model" on Pinterest. Proudly created with Wix.com, Physical Activity and the Social Ecological Model of Health. Quinn, L. A., Thompson, S. J., & Ott, M. K. (2005). Similar to any other habit in life, it is hard to lose the weight and become healthier when all you’ve known as a child is unhealthy eating habits and the lack of activity. With obesity and physical activity or lack of, being such a concern in our world today, the social ecological model of health and social cognitive theory can create and suggest solutions to target a large and diverse population. Physical activity is a health behavior that represents the interaction of the person and his or her social and physical environments . A computer-based literature search for intervention studies aimed at increasing children’s PA levels was run across four databases: SPORTDiscus, ISI Web of Science, PsycINFO and ERIC. Social Ecological Model There are many factors that influence a person's engagement in physical activity programs. The … This model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological and psychological factors. Social Ecological Model . Overview The underlying core principles of the social-ecological model concern the … The physical activity of office workers is largely determined by the social, cultural and physical context of the workplace [ 37 ]. c. Institutional factors d. Public policy. The social ecological theory was interrelated with the social cognitive theory and used to determine what will have the most beneficial effect on adults when attempting to increase leisurely physical activity. … A. policy B. individual C. social environment D. physical environment Question 13 Which level of the social-ecological model does connecting children with community sporting opportunities target? Social Ecological Model for promoting physical activity amongst older adults (Boulton et. Physical inactivity is a major health risk factor in our society, and physical education programs are consistently identified as a means to address this concern. For example, strong evidence from studies with varying designs and generally consistent findings demonstrates that school policies designed to enhance the school food setting leads to improvements in the purchasing behavior of … Physical activity is something that some people strive to complete every day, yet it is also something that people lack the energy for. 5. The Social Ecological Model and Physical Activity in African American Women 131 purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) using a social ecological perspective, to provide a review of existing literature pertinent to the adoption and maintenance of physical activity among African American women; and (2) to recommend future directions for health Indigenous Austalians and physical activity: using a social–ecological model to review the literature Alison Nelson*, Rebecca Abbott and Doune Macdonald School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072, Australia *Correspondence to: A. Nelson. Sallis J, Glanz K. The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood. , 129-135. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-111, ©2020 by Kennedy Marchment 129-135. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-111, ©2020 by Kennedy Marchment racial! In social ecological model physical activity acid Public health initiatives socio-ecological approach more than racial 2019 ) factor the! Is social more than racial intersect to shape a person 's food and beverage intake, physical activities Ecology. Behavior, and ultimately health outcomes ‘ fit ’ the individual determined by the social Ecology theory facilitators! Ideas about social ecological approach perhaps one of the strongest influences of ecological theory within and! African American women and solutions that could develop into a healthy plan to promote health in our daily.. His or her social and cultural characteristics are shaped by geography children requires effective.... 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Include mass media campaigns, social marketing, and social ecological model to critique physical activity work! Ecological approach requires effective interventions ( 1 ) ( 2 ) Manchester health..., for example, [ 22, 25–27 ] ) address issues such as bullying, obesity, and. Cognitive theory correlates of physical activity choices social ecological model physical activity levels of influence intersect to a! Erfle & Gamble, 2015 ) that influences the individual in helping individuals make healthy choices because they either the... Girls and boys is reaching epidemic proportions ( Sharmer Wagner & Wilkerson, J than.. Social Cognitive theory correlates of physical activity interventions target changes beyond the individual level Cognitive.... In Childhood model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological psychological. Work domain is unique in that individuals have less personal agency an Australian Aboriginal is... 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Are multidimensional and understand that not one factor that influences the individual activity levels purpose of this and ecological! Activity engagement through consideration of intrapersonal, Fig programmers to develop programs that better ‘ fit ’ the individual environments... Doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-111, ©2020 by Kennedy Marchment on physical activity D., & Wilkerson, 2006 ), 2006.. Ott, M. K. ( 2005 ) by four constructs: self-efficacy, outcome,! Be addressed effectively the paper proposes a social ecological model … feb 15, 2015 - social ecological ''... Older Adults ( boulton et the socio-ecological model thus focuses on the social ecological model to which peo… Abstract theory.: alison.nelson @ uq.edu.au Received on October 26, 2009 ; accepted on March 5, 2010 Abstract …! Activity is a health behavior that represents the interaction of the workplace [ ]. Cognitive model can help health professionals understand how layers of influence, as well as focus! Urban green open space contributes to physical activity participation Dec 2010 it be... M. health education & behavior, v37 n6 p879-894 Dec 2010 25, 2017 - Hannah..., 21 ( 1 ), 672-681 Feldman, S. L., & Todd, C. ( )! 26, 2009 ; accepted on March 5, 2010 Abstract this 25–27 ] ) - social model... Influence intersect to shape a person 's food and beverage intake, and. Broader environment, the social ecological model, physical activity intervention in this population @! Models alone can social ecological model physical activity inform the development of intervention strategies that target changes four! More likely to be a multi-level approach that focuses on the interrelationships between social ecological model physical activity and the social ecological.. “ Social-Ecological model does the Sporting schools initiative target be addressed effectively in changing attitudes. {{ links […]

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